How Long Can You Use an ITIN Number?

How Long Can You Use an ITIN Number?

If an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) is not used on a federal tax return at least once in the previous three tax years, it does not expire. Your ITIN will expire if it is not used for this purpose. As long as you continue to meet the eligibility requirements for which it was granted—such as filing federal tax returns or claiming dependents—an ITIN that has been issued will remain valid. You can renew your ITIN if it expires for no reason at all by filling out a new Form W-7 and supplying the necessary proof of identity and immigration status. As a result, an ITIN’s continued use for federal tax filing reasons determines how useful it is.

What is ITIN?

The US tax collection department, known as the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), is responsible for issuing ITIN numbers.

To get an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Being a nonresident alien obligated to file a U.S. tax return
  • Qualifying as a U.S.A. resident alien and filing a U.S. tax return based on days spent within the United States
  • Being a dependent or spouse of a U.S. citizen or resident alien
  • Being a dependent or spouse of a nonresident alien visa holder
  • Being a nonresident alien seeking tax treaty benefits
  • Being a nonresident alien student, professor, or researcher filing a U.S.A tax return or seeking an exemption

Where Can I Use my ITIN Number?

There are several uses for an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) in relation to federal tax compliance and reporting in the US. Typical applications for ITIN include:

Filing Tax Returns: When a person is required to file taxes but is not qualified for a Social Security Number (SSN), they can utilize Individual Tax Identification Numbers, or ITINs, to file federal tax returns with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

Receiving Tax Treaty Benefits: Nonresidents who meet the requirements to receive benefits under the US tax treaty may utilize their ITIN to make a tax treaty claim on their tax returns.

Opening Bank Accounts: ITINs are often accepted by financial institutions as proof of identity when opening bank accounts.

Mortgage and Loan Applications: ITINs may be accepted as a legitimate form of identification by certain lenders.

Applying for Specific Government Benefits: While ITINs are mostly used for tax purposes, they may be accepted for specific benefits or services by select state or local government organizations.

necessary or approved for numerous additional uses, like applying for a business license, enrolling in a course, or requesting governmental services.

What is TIN?

For business tax reasons, a Taxpayer Identification Number, or TIN, is a special identification number. Its purpose is to differentiate between persons or entities on tax return forms.

Taxpayer Identification Numbers have many uses and can be used for many different things. It is applicable in the subsequent scenarios:

buying a vehicle or home

registering for a business or personal bank account

Obtain a credit limit.

enrol in Medicare

requesting documents that have been authorized by the government, like a driver’s license or passport.

A Taxpayer Identification Number may be issued by the Social Security Administration or the IRS. Taxpayer Identification Numbers come in various varieties. TIN is a catch-all word for a wide range of other numbers.

The IRS has different formats for Taxpayer Identification Numbers, and they are not all used for the same thing. Certain numbers in various formats correspond to corporate taxes on tax IDs, while other numbers may correspond to personal taxes.

Types of TIN

The Taxpayer Identification Number comes in five different forms:

  • SSN: Social Security numbers. Nine-digit numbers are used by the SSA and IRS to identify individuals. Everyone over the age of 18 working in the United States is legally required to have an SSN.
  • EIN: Employer Identification Numbers. A unique identifier for a business entity or estates and trusts that generate income. These are mostly used by the IRS for tax purposes.
  • ITIN: Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers. For certain categories of nonresidents and resident aliens, their spouses, and dependents to use on their tax processing forms when they are not eligible to receive a Social Security number.
  • ATIN: Adoption Taxpayer Identification Numbers. Temporary nine-digit numbers are used by individuals who plan to adopt a child who is a U.S.A. citizen or U.S.A resident and cannot obtain an SSN in time to file a federal tax return.
  • PTIN: An eight-digit Preparer Tax Identification Number if you are a paid tax prepare.

Why do you need TIN number?

For many tax-related purposes, a Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) is necessary.

Tax Filing: In order to submit taxes with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) or other tax authorities, both individuals and businesses require a TIN.

Employment: Employers report employee income and withhold taxes using a Taxpayer Identification Number.

Opening Bank Accounts: To open a personal or commercial bank account, financial institutions may require a Taxpayer Identification number.

Loan Application: When applying for a loan or credit line, lenders could ask for a Taxpayer Identification Number

Business Transactions: When applying for a license, permission, or contract, among other things, TINs are frequently required.

Income Reporting: Investment income, rental income, and other forms of revenue are reported using TINs.

Receiving Tax Benefits: A TIN may be needed in order to claim some tax credits, deductions, and exemptions.

What is EIN?

An employer’s identification number is an EIN. For tax purposes, the IRS issues a unique nine-digit number, known as an EIN, to identify businesses and other entities operating in the United States. The Federal Tax Identification Number is another name for it.

C corporations;

S Corporations;

Limited Liability Companies (LLCs);

Limited Partnerships (LPs);




Non-profit organizations such as charities, religious organizations, and educational institutions;

Farmers’ cooperatives;

Plan administrators;

Sole proprietors with employees.

How long does an EIN last?

Employer Identity Numbers (EINs) are non-expiratory. An EIN is valid for an unlimited period of time once it is issued by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to your business or other entity. EINs are unique identification numbers that never expire, in contrast to some other numbers like Social Security Numbers (SSNs) for individuals.

Even though an EIN has no expiration date, there are situations where a new one could be required due to things like ownership or corporate structure changes. The business might need to register for a new EIN if there are any major changes, like a change in ownership or legal status.

If your EIN has to be updated, always check with the IRS or speak with a tax professional, unless there are exceptional circumstances or changes in your business.

Is EIN and TIN the same?

EINs and TINs (tax identification numbers) are not interchangeable. even though people frequently mix them together.

The fact that Employer Identification Numbers are occasionally referred to as Federal Taxpayer Identification Numbers is one of the reasons why so many people are confused about them. The fact that the tax identification number is a general term is the most crucial distinction to be aware of. The term “employer identification number” encompasses a variety of numbers. The idea of an umbrella refers to several identifying numbers.

It is critical to comprehend the distinctions between TIN and EIN due to the variations between personal and commercial taxes.

The IRS has different formats for TINs, and they are not all used for the same thing. Certain numbers in various formats correspond to corporate taxes on tax IDs, while other numbers may correspond to personal taxes.

Do tax ID numbers expire?

“Are tax ID numbers revocable?” The question has a yes response. ITINs must be updated. Furthermore, the renewal procedure is not automated.

If an ITIN is about to expire or has already expired, the IRS requires its holders to renew it. If the ITIN isn’t utilized to file a federal income tax return for three years in a row, it will expire. In this instance, you can file tax returns without any issues by renewing the ITIN.

An ITIN needs to be renewed for everyone who has to file a tax return. 

US foreign nationals who are required to file tax returns but are not qualified for a Social Security Number (SSN) can also use ITINs. Verifying whether the ITIN has to be renewed is always a good idea.

To avoid any delays in filing taxes, the IRS advises ITIN holders to begin the renewal procedure as soon as possible.