If you’re working or running a business in the United States, you may probably need to pay your taxes there. In order to do that, you’ll need an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number, or ITIN – no matter if you’re a US resident or not.
Below, you’ll find out exactly what an ITIN number is, who needs an ITIN number, and how to apply for ITIN number yourself.
What is an ITIN number?
ITIN, or Individual Taxpayer Identification Number, is a number issued by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), required for proper tax processing and identifying you in the US Tax System. All individuals who have tax responsibilities need to obtain and apply for ITIN in the United States but do not or are not eligible to obtain a Social Security Number (SSN).
An ITIN number is given to taxpayers for easy and efficient processing and accounting of tax returns and payments. It can be issued regardless of an individual’s immigration status, to both residents and nonresidents. An ITIN alone does not authorize an individual for working in the United States and doesn’t provide eligibility for Social Security benefits, but it is required if you don’t have an SSN.
Who needs an ITIN number?
- Do not have an SSN and aren’t eligible to get one
- Need to file a federal tax return, or you need a federal tax identification number for other reasons
- Are a nonresident or a U.S. resident working in the United States
Then you need to apply for ITIN number. If you’re:
- US Company owner,
- Real Estate Rental homeowner,
- Content creator in a content publisher website like Soundcloud or Tunecore,
- Writer in a book publishing marketplace in the United States like Apple Books,
- Seller in a Marketplace in the US
- Professor in a university in the US.
- dependent or spouse of a U.S. citizen or a nonresident visa holder.
you’re also going to need an ITIN number for tax purposes. You will also need an ITIN if you’re claiming any tax benefits, returns, or exceptions, or if you’re applying for a driver’s license.
What documents do I need for my ITIN application?
The first document you’ll need for your ITIN application is a high-quality scan of your passport. Take note that your passport must be valid, and the scan must be done in color. This is fundamental mandatory for each application.
For example with Company ownership application, you’ll also need a US Company EIN Document, in addition to US Company Formation Documents (like Articles of Organization, a Certificate of Formation or Incorporation, etc.) and US Company Ownership/Membership Documents (like a Statement of Authorized Person, Statement of Organizer, Initial Resources, etc. If your name is on the formation document, you won’t need this one).
Each ITIN application type has different document necessity.
If you need help getting all your documents together and preparing an ITIN Application, check out the IRS website for more relevant information.
How to obtain an ITIN number?
After we’ve collected all the necessary documents, we’ll fill out your Form W-7, and share with you to sign it with blue pen. You can also see Form W-7 which you can find on the official IRS website. Before filling out the form, make sure you have an identification card, passport, ID Card, visa, military card, or a driver’s license. Children under the age of 18 must present an official birth certificate.
For more information for Form W-7, you can visit our article for Form W-7 below.
If you’re filling your ITIN application to file your US Federal income tax return as an immigrant, you’ll need to include your US Federal Income Tax Return as well. The ITIN application can be sent by mail, or you can hand it in by yourself. The application will be submitted to the IRS Austin Service Center. An ITIN application cannot be submitted online!